Biomass and nutrients calculation

Biomass calculation

How much biomass is there in the branches, trunks, foliage and bark of a tree or a stand, and what quantity of nutrients does it contain? These calculators make it possible to rapidly obtain these estimates at the tree or stand level for almost any forest stand in Canada. Results can be used to help determine the potential of a stand for the production of traditional and non-traditional forest products, including biomass production for bioenergy from harvest residues or dead trees. Results can also be used to build carbon and nutrient budgets to help evaluate the environmental sustainability of different harvesting methods.

At the tree scale, the calculator estimates the dry mass of the entire aerial portion of a tree and of its four components (stemwood, foliage, branches and bark) based on tree diameter at 1.3 m, or on tree diameter at 1.3 m and tree height. The biomass equations were adjusted on thousands of trees sampled
Biomass calculation
across Canada, representing 41 indigenous species. Estimates can be obtained for each of the 41 indigenous species, for the two main classes of species (deciduous or coniferous trees), or for all tree species together. The equations were developped using national databases and can therefore be applied to all Canadian regions. However, because all trees were sampled in forests, the equations are probably not suitable for trees growing in open or urban areas that likely have a different geometry.

The equations, analysis methodology, and error terms are presented in following scientific papers:

At the stand scale, equations were developed to calculate biomass and nutrient contents (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium) for the different tree components (stemwood, foliage, branches and bark) of the 30 most abundant tree species using basal area. Biomass and nutrients can be estimated for a species within a mixed stand. These values can be estimated for generic categories of deciduous or coniferous stands (for a known species that is not on the list or for an unknown species), or for all species. The equations, analysis methodology, and error terms are presented in the following scientific paper:

Data on nutrient concentrations in the four tree components were compiled from the scientific literature for the 30 most abundant tree species and are available in the "Canadian forest tree species nutrient database". Parameter values of stand-level allometric equations can also be downloaded.

Tree-level biomass estimated from diameter and/or height

cm (at 1.3 m)

m

Biomass and nutrient contents per hectare estimated from stand basal area

m2/ha

m2/ha

 

Individual Trees ENFOR Database

Canadian Tree Species Nutrient Database

The file contains:

  • Readme.doc - Instructions on using and citing complementary databases
  • Nutrient concentration.csv - Canadian Tree Species Nutrient Database
  • Nutrient - Summary.csv - Summary of the Canadian Tree Species Nutrient Database

Allometric parameters

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